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The role of poetry in war

The formal rhythm is therefore consistent throughout the poem and yet varied from line to line, making it easier to memorize, while preventing it from becoming monotonous epic poems are often quite long. Didactic poetry , such as the works of Hesiod, emphasized the instructional and informative qualities in literature, and its primary intention was not necessarily to entertain.

For the ancient Greeks, lyric poetry specifically meant verse that was accompanied by the lyre, usually a short poem expressing personal feelings. These sung verse were divided into stanzas known as strophes sung by the Chorus as it moved from right to left across the stage , antistrophes sung by the Chorus in its returning movement from left to right and epodes the concluding part sung by the stationary Chorus in centre stage, usually with a different rhyme scheme and structure.

Lyric odes generally dealt with serious subjects, with the strophe and antistrophe looking at the subject from different, often conflicting, perspectives, and the epode moving to a higher level to either view or resolve the underlying issues.

Attempts to define poetry

Elegies were a type of lyric poem , usually accompanied by the flute rather than the lyre, of a mournful, melancholic or plaintive nature. Elegiac couplets usually consisted of a line of dactylic hexameter, followed by a line of dactylic pentameter. Pastorals were lyric poems on rural subjects, usually highly romanticized and unrealistic in nature. Greek tragedy developed specifically in the Attica region around Athens in the 6th Century or earlier. Classical Greek theatre was written and performed solely by men, including all the female parts and Choruses.

The playwrights typically also composed the music, choreographed the dances and directed the actors. Very early dramas involved just a Chorus representing a group of characters , and then later a Chorus interacting with a single masked actor , reciting a narrative in verse. The Chorus delivered much of the exposition of the play and expounded poetically on themes.

Aeschylus transformed the art by using two masked actors , as well as the Chorus, each playing different parts throughout the piece, making possible staged drama as we know it. Sophocles introduced three or more actors, allowing still more complexity. It was a highly stylized not naturalistic art form : actors wore masks, and the performances incorporated song and dance. Plays were not generally divided into acts or discrete scenes and, although the action of most Greek tragedies was confined to a twenty-four hour period, time may also pass in non-naturalistic fashion.

The role of poetry in war | Gates Cambridge

By convention, distant, violent or complex actions were not directly dramatized, but rather took place offstage, and then were described onstage by a messenger of some sort. By the 5th Century, the annual Athens drama festival , known as the Dionysia in honour of the god of the theatre, Dionysus had become a spectacular event, lasting four to five days and watched by over 10, men. On each of three days, there were presentations of three tragedies and a satyr play a light comedy on a mythic theme written by one of three pre-selected tragedians, as well as one comedy by a comedic playwright, at the end of which judges awards first, second and third prizes.

The Lenaia was a similar religious and dramatic annual festival in Athens , although less prestigious and only open to Athenian citizens, and specializing more in comedy. It may be all that ought to be attempted in the way of a definition: Poetry is the way it is because it looks that way, and it looks that way because it sounds that way and vice versa. Article Media. Info Print Print.

Understanding Poetry- A brief history

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Introduction Attempts to define poetry Poetry and prose Major differences Poetic diction and experience Form in poetry Poetry as a mode of thought: the Protean encounter. Written By: Howard Nemerov.

A Brief History of Chinese Poetry: Classical to Contemporary

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